Badminton rules may seem confusing at first glance but it is not difficult. We will try to summarize the most important rules in badminton and understandably explain them.

  • Score points
  • The way of counting points
  • The Court
  • The Service
    a. Trigger the right to serve
    b. The service rules
  • Page breaks and breaks

1. Score points:

Score points in badminton

In badminton, you can score points either by playing the Shuttlecock(birdie) on the ground of the opposing field or by making a mistake.

A foul is given when a player:

  • plays the ball outside the playing court
  • plays the ball into or under the net
  • touches the net with any part of the body or the bat
  • touches the ball on the opposing half of the field
  • touched the ball several times
  • executes the service incorrectly

2. The way of counting:

How to play badminton

In badminton, the Rally Point counting method applies, which means that you can score points with your service as well as with the opponent’s serve. To win a set, you first have to score 21 points. You need two sets to decide the whole game. If the score is 20:20, extra time is added to the play until a player (or a pair) has a two-point advantage, but up to a maximum of 30. That means 29:29 is a decisive point for the game. Whoever gets the golden point, wins the game.

3. The Court – Badminton Rules

Badminton court

When it comes to badminton, most people first get confused by the many lines on the field. This is because the courts are usually marked for both the single and double games. The length of the court is the same for both games but the width is different.


During a singles game, the width of the court is 5.18 meters (17 ft) while the length of the court remains 13.4 meters (44 ft) in both formats. The individual field is limited by the inner sidelines and the rear baseline during the game. 


Badminton court dimensions

In a doubles game, the full width of the court is 6.1 meters (20 ft). The outer sidelines and the rear baseline act as field boundaries hence the entire field counts during the play. 

The net is 1.55 meters (5 ft 1 in) high at the edges and 1.524 meters (5 ft) high at the center.

4. The service – Badminton Rules

Service in badminton
Hindustan times

The service must be done diagonally in singles, doubles and mixed, ie serving and accepting players must be in diagonally opposite half fields. But who can serve from where in which field must the service land and which rules apply to the service movement?

a. Draw the right to serve:

At the start of the game, the right to serve is drawn with a coin toss. The winner of the toss can now decide whether he wants to serve or offer to serve to the opponent, or he can choose the side of the field. Depending on what he chooses, his opponent can make the rest of the choice.

b. The service rules

In singles:

The rules are relatively simple. The player who scored the last point always has a service. As already mentioned, the service must always take place diagonally, if the number of points is even, the player serving serves from the right half of the field to what he sees as the left half field. The field of impact in which the ball must land is limited at the front by the T-line, laterally by the center line and the inner sideline, and by the rear baseline. The player serving hits from the right if the number of points is even, or from the left if the number of points is odd.

In doubles:

The double badminton rules get a little more complicated. Just as in the singles, the pair that has scored the last point, has the service. The T-line and the centerline are again the limits for the service field in which the ball must land. On the side, however, the outer instead of the inner sideline now applies and in the rear the front instead of the rear baseline. This line is also called the double service line and has no meaning after the service.

Who gets to serve in doubles? It is taken into account whether the server has scored a point or whether the opponent has taken the service. If you make a point on your serve, the serving player retains the right to serve and swaps the field half with his partner. If the opposing pair has opened, all players remain on their previous half of the field and the right to serve changes.

5. Breaks – Badminton Rules

rules of badminton

After each set ends and in the case of a third set, as soon as the first player (or the first pair in doubles) reaches 11 points, the sides are switched. There are pauses after each end of the game for 2 minutes, as well as when 11 points are reached mid-game for 1 minute in all games for the first time.

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