Magnesium deficiency is usually associated with muscle cramps because it is the most common symptom. Magnesium not only plays an important role in the muscles, but it is also important for the electrolyte balance and is involved in over 300 other metabolic processes in the body. For example, magnesium is also necessary for the absorption of vitamin D and its deficiency can lead to fatigue, exhaustion and lack of energy.
In total there are about 24 grams of magnesium in humans. About 60 percent is stored in the bones, 29 percent are stored in the muscles and organs and one percent circulates in the blood. Therefore, magnesium is especially important for bone density, stability of bones and teeth as well. It also contributes significantly to the performance of the heart muscle and is important for many nerve functions. In addition, magnesium activates about 300 enzymes in the human body and thus regulates the energy metabolism.
|Older||Magnesium requirement (mg / day)|
|0 to 4 months||24|
|4 to 12 months||60|
|1 to 4 years||80|
|4 to 7 years||120|
|7 to 10 years||170|
|10 to 13 years||230|
|13 to 15 years||310|
|15 to 25 years||400 (M)/350 (F)|
|From 25 years||350 (M)/300 (F)|
Magnesium deficiency : Symptoms
The symptoms of a magnesium deficiency can be diverse, as the mineral is involved in numerous processes in the body. Most often, a deficiency manifests itself in muscle cramps and muscular tension. But also fatigue, digestive problems, headaches or numbness in the feet and legs are typical signs. It should be noted that the symptoms indicate a possible magnesium deficiency, but can also be symptoms of other disorders or diseases. Self-diagnosis is therefore dangerous and consulting a Doctor is therefore recommended.
Possible signs of magnesium deficiency
1. Mood, Psychology and general well-being
|Fatigue||Lack Of Concentration||Lack Of Energy And Listlessness|
|General Exhaustion||Sleep Disorders||Depressive Mood|
|Inner Unrest||Migraine||Noise And Light Sensitivity|
2. Musculoskeletal System
|Muscle Cramps (Especially Leg Cramps)||Back and Neck Pain|
|Muscle Twitching (Eyelid Fluttering)||Cold Hands And Feet|
|Muscle Tension (Especially In The Neck And Shoulder Area)||Numbness And Tingling In Arms And Legs|
3. Cardiovascular System
|Circulatory Disorders||High Blood – Pressure|
|Cardiac Arrhythmia (Rapid Heartbeat, Irregular Heartbeat, Severe Palpitations)||Dizziness|
5. Menstrual Disorders
|PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome)||Severe Menstrual Pain|
|Heavy Menstrual Bleeding||Water Retention|
Muscle cramps due to magnesium deficiency
Muscle cramps are the most common symptoms of magnesium deficiency. It happens because magnesium is an essential element for muscle relaxation. It is thus the enemy of calcium that causes the muscle contraction. In addition, a magnesium deficiency causes an increased excitability of the muscles.
People who are exposed to everyday stress are also more susceptible to magnesium deficiency. Stress hormones constrict the blood vessels, causing more magnesium to be released into the blood to relax the vessels. The excess is then eliminated via the kidneys.
Causes Of Magnesium Deficiency
|Unbalanced Diet||Excessive Alcohol Consumption|
|Weight Loss Diets||Diabetes|
|Eating Disorders (Anorexia, Bulimia)||Medications (Such As Antibiotics, Laxatives)|
|Stress||Diseases Of The Intestine (Eg Crohn’s Disease)|
|Strong Sweating (Through Sports, Sauna, Fever)||Kidney Disease|
|Malabsorption Of Magnesium||Gastrointestinal Infection(Diarrhea And Vomiting)|
Treatment For Magnesium Deficiency
In most cases, the symptoms of hypomagnesemia can be treated with magnesium diet . To remedy or prevent magnesium deficiency, the diet should contain high levels of magnesium. The following foods contain large quantities of the Magnesium.
|Nuts And Seeds (Sunflower and Pumpkin Seeds, Walnuts, Cashews, Almonds, Peanuts)|
|Whole Grain Products (Wholemeal Bread, Wholemeal Pasta, Etc.)|
|Pulses (Peas, Beans, Lentils)|
|Green Vegetables (Eg Spinach, Broccoli)|
|Fruits (Raspberries, Bananas, Pineapple)|
However, if the symptoms do not disappear despite sufficient magnesium intake, high-dose magnesium supplements come into question, which are available as over-the-counter tablets in the pharmacy.
Even then, If the symptoms do not improve despite dietary changes and magnesium supplements, you should consult a doctor. He can find out whether a magnesium deficiency is the cause or a disease behind it. Usually, the body lacks other nutrients due to an unbalanced diet.
Consequences of chronic magnesium deficiency
In the worst case, a chronic magnesium deficiency can cause muscle weakness called medically myasthenia. The heart muscle is also dependent on the mineral. Those who permanently ingesting too little magnesium risk cardiac arrhythmia, cardiovascular diseases or a stroke.
A magnesium deficiency should be controlled as quickly as possible, because magnesium is vital for many body functions. Without it, muscles, bones, nerves and enzymes can not function smoothly.